Types of coffee and their description

Types of coffee and their description
Types of coffee and their description

Obsessive advertising convinces that only coffee of a certain brand will bring happiness and peace to the customer. In order not to waste money and not be disappointed in the advertised brands, it is important to understand the types of grains, cooking methods and understand the designations on the back of the package.

Hausbrandt Gourmet Columbus Whole Beans 35.2oz/1000g

  • Made in Italy.
  • 100% Arabian Mixture

Classification of coffee by types of coffee trees

Science knows more than 50 types of coffee trees. But only 4 of them are grown on plantations:

  • arabica – beans of Coffea Arabica (Arabian coffee), a tree native to Ethiopia, very capricious, hard to endure adverse weather conditions, including the slightest changes in temperature, susceptible to disease. Arabica contains relatively little caffeine, but is rich in essential oils. Coffee has a rich aroma and a pleasant, slightly sour taste. Today, Arabica accounts for about 70% of the world coffee market;
  • robusta – beans of Coffea Canephora (Congolese coffee), a tree native to Central Africa. It is more resistant to diseases and pests, has a high yield, due to which it occupies a significant part of the coffee plantations in Latin America. Robusta is rich in caffeine, but has a faint smell; it contains 2 times less essential oils than arabica. A drink made from pure robusta turns out to be strong, but low-aromatic, so it is most often mixed with Arabica. The share of Robusta in the world coffee market for beverage production is up to 28-30%;
  • liberica – beans of Coffea Liberica, Liberian coffee, which is grown in Africa and Asia. In the world, about 2% of coffee plantations are allocated for it. Liberica beans are large and have an intense aroma. However, they contain very little caffeine, which is why the drink from Liberica does not have a pronounced taste. For the sake of smell, a small amount of grains is added to a mixture with Arabica and Robusta. But Liberica is mainly used in the confectionery industry.
  • excelsa (excelsa) – beans Coffea Dewevrei, or high coffee (it grows up to 20 m in height). This variety is grown in Congo, Asia, Colombia. Excelsa produces extremely low yields, but its grains are prized for their intense aroma and original taste (with notes of tropical fruits, chocolate or nuts). This coffee is added to expensive blends. Trees tolerate drought well, so other types of coffee are grafted onto them.
Types of coffee and their description 2
Types of coffee and their description 2

Forms of coffee delivery

There are 3 types of coffee on sale:

  • in grains;
  • ground;
  • soluble.

Size and quality of grains

Each type of coffee has many varieties. In addition, the taste of the grains largely depends on the soil and climate. Gourmets love to compare the taste of the same type or even a variety of coffee grown in South America, the Philippines or Indonesia.

1 LB Panama Hacienda La Esmeralda, Washed, 100% Geisha Coffee (Green (Unroasted) Beans)

  • The Hacienda La Esmeralda Grand Reserve is one of the world’s most famous coffees!
  • Characteristics of Panama Hacienda La Esmeralda Coffee Hacienda La Esmeralda is grown in the bouquet region of the province of Chiriqui in the South-West region of Panama.
  • You Will Receive: 1 lb/16 oz of fresh roasted Panama Hacienda La Esmeralda coffee. Choose from Medium or dark Roast. We also offer green (unroasted) beans for those who prefer to roast their own coffee.
  • We have been importing & roasting the world’s finest beans for over 20 years.
  • Hacienda La Esmeralda has achieved record breaking bids at their annual coffee auctions multiple times and won the Best of Panama award several times.

The size of the beans does not affect the taste, but it is by this criterion that the grade of coffee is often judged. Large beans are more expensive, but only because of the specifics of their roasting. During heat treatment, coffee loses up to 20% of its mass. Small grains dry out more. Therefore, the grade and, accordingly, the price of coarse coffee is higher.

To determine the grade, the coffee is sieved through several sieves with different mesh sizes. The grains are graded depending on the mesh size of the sieve:

  • very fine grain – 4.764 mm;
  • small – 5.161 mm;
  • small – 5.558 mm;
  • average – 5.955 mm;
  • good – 6.352 mm;
  • large enough – 6.749 mm;
  • large – 7.146 mm;
  • extra large – 7.543 mm;
  • very large – more than 8 mm.
Types of coffee and their description 3
Types of coffee and their description 3

The higher quality (but also the high price) is distinguished by coffee marked Specialty coffee. This category includes grains grown on plantations that are located above 1000 m above sea level. It is believed that under harsh conditions, the coffee tree gives the fruit the maximum amount of nutrients. All grains must be of the same harvest, and the region or name of the plantation where it is grown is indicated on the bags with such coffee.

Ground coffee

Ground coffee packages usually indicate the degree of grind:

  • ultra-thin (pulverized) – for brewing coffee in a Turk (cezve);
  • fine espresso grind – for espresso carob machines;
  • fine (fine grind) – for cone and drip coffee makers, espresso coffee machines;
  • medium (medium grind) – for drip coffee makers;
  • large (course grind, coarse, particle size – up to 1 mm) – for geyser coffee makers or french presses.

Instant coffee

Instant coffee is classified according to the method of production:

  • emulsified (in powder) – the cheapest. The coffee extract is dried with hot air. Caffeine content – up to 4%;
  • agglomerated (in granules) – more expensive. The coffee powder is mixed with special wet additives to form granules. The taste of coffee is closer to natural;
  • freeze-dried, or frozen (in crystals) – the most expensive. At low temperatures, coffee undergoes vacuum dehydration, resulting in the formation of crystals.

Tim Hortons Dark Roast, Rich Ground Coffee, Made with 100% Arabica Beans, 72 Ounce (6 x 12 oz Bags)

  • Dark Roast: This full-bodied favorite was roasted with care to give it a perfectly rich and smooth flavor.
  • Brew It Your Way: Use your favorite blend in your automatic coffee maker, french press, pourover, and even for cold brew.
  • Top-Quality Beans: We only use 100% Arabica beans from the most renowned regions of Central and South America that are carefully selected by our experts to consistently deliver the best blend possible.
  • Signature Flavor: Our beans are expertly roasted for the taste and aroma you know and love. We can deliver an amazing cup of coffee, no matter where or how you enjoy it.
  • Cup of Canada: Whether you like a dark roast, a classic cup of tea, or the rich flavor of french vanilla, we have a wide variety of coffee, tea, and specialty beverages that feature our signature flavors, ready for you to enjoy any time of day.
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